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论《歌剧魅影》中的复仇主题


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论《歌剧魅影》中的复仇主题
复仇是一种特殊的历史文化现象,也是以超常态的、极端性方式为特征的人类自然法则的体现。在西方叙事文学中以复仇为取向的创作形成了具有某种恒久意义和特定价值的母题显现形式。
    西方化的复仇母题通常弘扬的是一种个人主义精神,从个体的悲剧出发来探询人生、命运,展现欲望与理性、个人与社会等方面的冲突,虽然最终都是肯定了个体需求,但表现上又是错综复杂的,人伦与历史,情感与理性交织纠缠于一体,难以作出明晰的判断。
复仇主题的文学戏剧作品并不多见,戏剧中的复仇往往能对观众或读者产生强烈的震撼作用和激烈的审美冲击,可以说用这种形式来呈现的复仇主题,能更鲜明地传达出人物的个性特点和其中的爱恨纠葛,并且通过剧情张力带给读者强烈的冲击和震撼。本文通过研究和比较该戏剧作品中复仇主题的表达和展现与普遍复仇主题文学的共通及不同,力图从文学表现形式的角度剖析该剧的艺术魅力,主要从复仇主题探讨,文学性角度以及音乐性角度三个方面展开。
关键词:复仇;音乐剧;法国文学;魅影形象
Abstract: Revenge is a kind of specific literal phenomenon of history, and also an embody of human’s natural rule featured by super-normal and extreme ways. In the narrative literature of the west the creation oriented by revenge form a kind of Motif manifestation with some eternal meaning and given value.
The revenge Motif in the west usually propagate a kind of individualism spirit. It makes cautious inquiries about life, destiny, to unfold the conflict between lust and reason, individual and the society. Although it affirms the need of individual, the way to express it is complicated. The human relations and history, emotion and reason interweave together, and it’s hard to make a clear judge.
It’s not very often to see the play work presented by the form of musical, the revenge in the lay can always have a strong impact and fierce rush related to beauty judge on the audience and reader. We can say that revenge presented by this form can convey the character’s personality features and love within hatred more vividly, as well as the tensile force and the lash and shock can be transmitted. This article tries to analyze the artistic charm of this play from the literary expressive form by studying and compare the common point and difference of the expressions and presentations between this work and other vindictive work,mainly from the investigation of the vindictive theme, the literary aspect and the music aspect.
Keywords: Revenge; Musical; French literature; the Image of the Phantom