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论尤金·奥尼尔中期实验戏剧中“人”的悲剧与出路


类型:案例|16000字, 类别:原创|RMB510, 附件:开题|综述

【摘要】

论尤金·奥尼尔中期实验戏剧中“人”的悲剧与出路

尤金·奥尼尔凭借其多变的艺术手法及“以真实为己任”的写作风格成为了20世纪美国文坛上最具影响力的剧作家。在其中期戏剧创作中,奥尼尔通过各种表现手法将人性中欲望的贪婪、理想的荒芜和人与人之间的冷漠疏离真实地展现在读者面前。奥尼尔这种看待人性的悲观态度取决于多方面的原因,各种文学思潮的推动、低迷的社会环境及其复杂的人生经历和个人心理诉求等共同造就了奥尼尔的悲剧人生观。尽管这些剧作都以悲剧结尾,但在奥尼尔的笔下,主人公却在肉体毁灭的同时得到了灵魂的重生,而正是这种从无到有的精神力量使人在绝望的境地里继续抱有希望。
关键词:尤金·奥尼尔  中期实验戏剧  悲剧  人性救赎

 

Title : On the Tragedy and Outlet of “Man” in Eugene O’Neill’s Midperiod Drama

Abstract:Eugene O’Neill became the most influential playwright in the 20th century American literary world by virtue of his varied artistic techniques and his writing style of “taking responsibility for the truth. In his mid-term drama creation, O’Neill shows readers the greed of desires in human nature, the ideal desolation and indifference between people through various ways of expression. O’Neill’s pessimisistic attitude towards human nature depends on many reasons. The promotion of various literary trends, the downturn of the social environment ,his complicated life experiences and individual psychological demands have all ended in tragedy, in O’Neill’s writing, the protagonist of the play was rebirth of the soul while physical destruction. And it is the spiritual power from scratch that gives hope to continue to be held in desperation.
Key words: Eugene O’Neill;Mid-term experimental drama;Tragedy;Human salvation

 

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