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伊莱扎在《皮格马利翁》中自我意识的觉醒及其对现实的启示


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【摘要】

伊莱扎在《皮格马利翁》中自我意识的觉醒及其对现实的启示


Bernard Shaw was one of the most outstanding representatives of critical realism literature in Western Europe, and he won the Nobel Prize in 1925. He wrote more than fifty works in his life. His works included the display of different human nature under the humanistic concept, the revelation of the current situation of the times and the reflection of social improvement, with a strong critical spirit. It was acknowledged by foreign scholars that Bernard Shaw was the most important playwright after Shakespeare in terms of the richness and diversity of the ideology and art of dramas, as well as the lasting influence on the development of dramas in Britain and even in Europe and America. Bernard Shaw published Pygmalion in 1912. This play told a story about how the phonetics Professor Higgins, in six months, changed a flower girl into a ladylike noble birth. Pygmalion was adapted into a movie called My Fair Lady in 1964 and won eight Oscars.
Many scholars and critics at home and abroad have published papers on Pygmalion. For example, Zhu Ping's Destined Regret, Thomas Bulfinch's The Age of Fable and Zhang Qian's Comments on the Characters in Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion. However, most of the previous papers have dealt with the feminism in Pygmalion or the characteristic of each character. Based on the existing research on Pygmalion, this paper will focus on the growth of Eliza and the enlightenment to reality. Also, this paper will explore some possible reasons for why Eliza’s self-awareness awakes and how her mind changes in different stages.
This paper has three parts. The first part is a brief introduction to the writer’s life experience, the Greek mythology, and the main classes in this play. And next, a large part of this paper is devoted to the growth of Eliza in three stages called Sowing, Sprouting and Shining. In this part, it mainly introduces the features of Eliza’s changing mind from obeying the orders to having her own opinions and finding her own life. In the end, this paper will discuss the enlightenment to the reality from two aspects, one is the Bernard Shaw’s feminism in his works, and the other one is the independence and self-awareness of women. Bernard Shaw was a feminist, and he respected the female. The female characters in his plays were all had their own thoughts. So in this play, Eliza’s growth and self-awareness awakening also give us and the reality a great enlightenment.

 
Key words: independence; self-awareness; feminism; growth
摘  要
萧伯纳是西欧批判现实主义文学最杰出的代表之一,他曾于1925年获得诺贝尔奖。萧伯纳一生中创作了50余部作品。他的作品包括了人文理念之下的不同人性展示、时代现状揭露以及社会改良思考,具有强烈的批判精神。国外学界公认,无论是在剧作思想艺术的丰富多样上,还是在对英国乃至于欧美戏剧发展的持久影响上,萧伯纳都是继莎士比亚后最重要的剧作家。萧伯纳在1912年出版了《皮格马利翁》。这部作品主要讲述了语言学家希金斯如何在六个月内将一个出身低微的卖花女训练成为一个出身名门的贵族小姐的故事。《皮格马利翁》于1964被改编为电影《窈窕淑女》上映,并且获得了奥斯卡八个奖项。
国内外许多文人、评论家发表过关于《皮格马利翁》的论文。比如朱萍的《注定的遗憾》、Thomas Bulfinch的The Age of Fable以及张瑄的评萧伯纳《卖花女》中的人物形象。但前人的论文主要研究了《皮格马利翁》中的女权主义或者是剧中每个角色的性格特点。所以基于前人的研究,本论文将着重分析女主人公伊莉莎的成长过程和对现实的启示。并且探讨一些关于伊莉莎自我觉醒的原因和每个阶段不同的内心变化。
这篇文章分为三个部分。第一章简单介绍了作者的人生经历,作品名字的来源和剧中的主要阶级这三部分。在第二章,本文将伊丽莎的成长分为三个阶段来分别进行分析。在这一部分中,主要介绍了伊莉莎从最初只是单纯的服从命令到后来有了自己的想法并找到自己生活的意义的转变。第三章,从两个方面来叙述伊莉莎自我意识的觉醒对现实的启示:一是从萧伯纳作品中的女性主义思想的角度,二是女性的独立性和自我意识的角度。萧伯纳是个女权主义者,他尊重女性。他剧中的女主角都有自己的想法。在这部剧中,伊丽莎的成长和自我意识的觉醒也给了我们一些启示。
 
关键词:独立;自我意识;女权主义;成长

 

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