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浅谈刘勰《文心雕龙》中的“通变观”


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【摘要】

浅谈刘勰《文心雕龙》中的“通变观”


《文心雕龙》是中国文学批评史上最伟大的理论巨著,其内容涵盖了文学批评领域的方方面面,对于文学理论的理解独到而深刻。笔者认为《文心雕龙》之所以能有如此巨大的成就,与作者刘勰扎实深厚的文学史认识是分不开的,刘勰对于文学史的认识理解及思维对于文学理论研究的重要性便是在今天,仍然是历久弥新。因此本文笔者的探讨范围主要以刘勰的文学史观为出发点,尤以《文心雕龙》中的“时序”篇为例谈论其文学史的认识方法和研究角度,试论其对于今天文学理论、文学创作的发展借鉴意义。
刘勰的文学理念中既有唯物主义的观点存在,也有唯心主义的倾向。两种理念交替存在,并行不悖。从刘勰所处的时代来看,其思想理念不可谓不先进,对于文学的本质认识和创作理念是本文研究的重要方向。本文将着重从《通变》、《时序》两篇中就重点体现了刘勰对于文学发展的理性认识,以《文心雕龙》的“通变观”为出发点,以这两篇文章内容为切入点,浅谈刘勰对于文学与时代关系的认识及其对当代文学批评和创作发展的影响,探讨文学通变的意义以及如何求新求变,和刘勰的“通变观”在我们今天有何借鉴的价值和参考意义。
 

关键词:刘勰、文心雕龙、通变观

Abstract
"Wen xin diao long" is the greatest theoretical work in the history of Chinese literary criticism, which covers all aspects of the field of literary criticism, and has a deep understanding of literary theory. The author thinks that "wen-hsin-diao-long" can have such a great achievement, and the author liu xie solid deep understanding of literature is inseparable, liu xie for the understanding of the history of literature for literary theory to study the importance of understanding and thinking is in today, is still enduring. Scope of this article the author discusses mainly by liu xie in the literary history as a starting point, especially in the "wen-hsin-diao-long" as an example to talk about the "timing" text in the understanding of the history of literature method and the research Angle, try to talk about it for the development of literary theory, literary significance today.
Liu xie's literary ideas are both materialistic and idealistic. The two ideas alternate and go hand in hand. From the perspective of liu xie's time, his ideas and ideas are not very advanced, and the essential understanding and creation philosophy of literature is the important direction of this paper. This article will focus on the "tong bian" and "timing" in two key reflected liu xie rational knowledge about the literature of development, with "wen-hsin-diao-long" of the concept of "tong bian" as a starting point, with the two articles content as the breakthrough point, introduction to liu xie for literature and the understanding to the relation between age and its effect on the development of the contemporary literary criticism and creation, and to explore the significance of literature is how to pursuing new and change, and liu xie's concept of "tong bian" in the us today if you have any reference value and reference significance.
 
Key words:Liu Xie, Wen Xin diao long, Tong bian theory

 

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