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虚假新闻的问题及其防范


此文字数共约:11000字  文章页数共约:18页  发布时间:2022年  原创指数:3.7

【内容概述】

虚假新闻的问题及其防范


信息时代促使了新媒体的产生,人们已经不再依赖于传统媒体来获取信息,全媒体的融合也使得虚假新闻的产生与传播呈几何增长。随着社会的发展,新闻信息传播方式呈现出了多样化的发展趋势,新媒体的产生使得人们不仅可以成为新闻传播者也可以成为新闻制造者。虚假新闻的本质就是通过新闻媒体报道但是并没有进行权威认定,或者没有真实反映真实情况的行为,本文在探究虚假新闻的本质上进一步分析出虚假新闻的危害,虚假新闻不仅会侵犯当事人的权益,损害媒体的公信力,而且还会引发社会的不稳定,在分析产生原因和危害的基础上最后探究得出现阶段整治虚假新闻应该坚守新闻专业主义,强化主流媒体和用户发布的把关功能,最后加强新闻纪律和法制管理,希望通过自己的研究能够为整顿虚假新闻提供一定的借鉴和帮助。
关键词:新闻信息;传统媒体;虚假新闻;对策

 

 

 
Abstract
The information age promotes the emergence of new media. People no longer rely on traditional media to obtain information. The integration of all media also makes the generation and dissemination of false news grow geometrically. With the development of society, the ways of news and information dissemination present a diversified development trend. The emergence of new media makes people not only become news communicators, but also news producers. The essence of false news is to report through the news media, but there is no authority identification, or there is no real reflection of the real situation. This paper explores the essence of false news and further analyzes the harm of false news. False news will not only infringe the rights and interests of the parties, damage the credibility of the media, but also cause social instability, Based on the analysis of the causes and hazards, the paper concludes that in order to deal with the false news, we should stick to the journalistic professionalism, strengthen the control function of the mainstream media and users, and finally strengthen the journalistic discipline and legal management.
Key words: news information; Traditional media; Fake news; Measures
 

目 录

引言 1
一、虚假新闻的表现和危害 1
(一)社会媒体中虚假新闻的表现 1
1.新闻观念倾向错误 1
2.内容失实 1
3.改头换面,要素乱贴 2
(二)虚假新闻的危害 2
1.侵犯当事人的权益 2
2.损害媒体公信力 3
3.虚假新闻引发社会不稳定 3
二、虚假新闻产生的原因和本质 3
(一)虚假新闻产生的原因 3
1.追求利益最大化 3
2.媒体职业道德的缺失 4
3.跨文化传播的冲击 5
(二)虚假新闻的本质 6
三、虚假新闻的防范措施 7
(一) 坚守新闻专业主义 8
(二) 强化把关功能 9
1.主流媒体把关功能缺位 9
2.用户发布信息缺乏核实 9
(三)强化新闻纪律,加强法制管理 9
结语 11
参考文献 13
 

 

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