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情境教学法在小学英语口语教学中的应用


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【摘要】

情境教学法在小学英语口语教学中的应用


《小学英语课程标准》中指出:“培养学生英语学习的积极态度。要使他们初步建立学习英语的自信心,培养学生一定的语感和良好的语音、语调基础、使他们形成初步使用英语进行简单日常交流的能力。”综合笔者对课堂的体验,笔者认为现有的口语教育应当注重情境的创造,在情境中激发学生,使学生主动学习,自我发觉。本文着眼于情境教学法在小学英语口语教学当中的应用,在前人研究的基础上,采用了调查法、体验法和文献研究法来对这一教学法进行研究,希望能够挖掘其中的不足,为完善这一教学法提出意见,希冀情境教学法在我国得到进一步的发展传播。在研究中,笔者总结出情境教学法在口语教学中应当做到境中带情、溶情于境。但是在国内的教学中,由于教育资源的差异,情境教学并不完善,文中笔者将对其中的缺陷进行分析,并且提出自我观点。
  本文将分为五个部分:
  第一部分,笔者将对这一课题的研究背景、研究意义进行阐述。
  第二部分,笔者将对一些定义进行解释,并且详述了情境教学法的理论依据。
  第三部分,笔者将会阐明研究方法并且将对研究材料进行分析对比,试图发掘国内情境教学的缺陷。
  第四部分,笔者将结合已有的研究提出自己的看法观点,并着眼于应用,观察其实践作用。
  第五部分,笔者总结了这一次研究的意义和研究过程中的不足,提出未来意见。

关键词:情境教学;小学;口语教学
The Application of Situational Language Teaching in Primary School Oral English Teaching
Abstract: Primary English Curriculum Standards has pointed out at the beginning that primary school English teaching aims to stimulate students interest in learning English, encourage students to develop a positive attitude towards English learning so that they can lay the foundation of language sense, good voice and tone basis. Combining the experience that the author had which came from the primary oral English classes with the in-depth theory studying, the author thinks that primary school English teaching should pay full attention to emotional factors, the creation of an atmosphere of love blending with environment to fully mobilize students' initiative, and ultimately train the students' ability to use the language.
  In this paper, the author put forward the study on the situational teaching method in primary school oral English teaching by reviewing and thinking English situational teaching theory basis and analyzing the problems exists in the primary school English situational teaching. And the author came to the conclusion that how should the teachers apply the situational teaching method in the primary oral English teaching. In summary, there should have environment full with cross-culture learning. And teachers should guide students to enter into the situations created for the lessons. In the lessons, teachers should promote the emotional factors, in order to cause the resonance of the students with the application of various colorful and meaningful situation teaching activities which aims at guiding the students to participate in the language practice. In order to make the methods more operational, the author enumerated some cases to elaborate and hope this can explore a deeper understanding of the meaning of primary school oral English situational teaching to the teachers and students so that English teachers can better use the situational teaching method in teaching.
  The paper is divided into five parts. The first chapter describes the background and significance of this study. Chapter two lists some concepts and the theoretical basis of situational teaching approach.Chapter three need to analyzes the literature and the data the author had collected from the school, and there is an overview of the approaches for the research. In chapter four, the author demonstrates the designed lessons based on the principles, and analyze the examples to perfect the situational teaching approach in primary oral English teaching. Chapter five analyzes the inadequacies of the paper, and puts forward the prospects for future research.

Key Words: situational teaching; primary school; oral English

 

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