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试析《瓦解》中主人公人物形象


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试析《瓦解》中主人公人物形象
《瓦解》一书塑造了在新旧时代碰撞时期,尼日利亚下尼日尔地区的氏族英雄,同时也是旧时代的代表人物——奥贡喀沃。奥贡喀沃是一个因循守旧,十分看重部落律法的人,他会以一种战斗至死的心态去反对任何危及到自己部落的人或事。对于氏族而言,他无疑是十分伟大的,部落的长老,权威的守护神。而随着时间洪流的推进,殖民文化的渗入,这位悲剧英雄也感到了力不从心——尽管这一点他从不会承认。最终他以自己的死亡展现了个人力量在历史进程中是多么的微不足道。本文旨在通过对于奥贡喀沃这一形象的分析,再通过和其他人物形象——古希腊悲剧人物普罗米修斯、阿喀琉斯及阿契贝另一部小说《神箭》的主人公伊祖鲁的比较,揭示其所代表的文化意义。通过他对于殖民文化的反抗,对于部落文化的守护,以及对于命运的抗争,来体现作者所要表达的文化内涵。
关键词:奥贡喀沃 非洲部落 部落文化 殖民文化 古希腊悲剧英雄 
Abstract: Things Fall Apart creates a clan hero in Nigeria at the time when new era collides with the new one. His name is Okonkwo. He is a person who is very old-school and value the law of his tribe. He will fight against anyone or anything that threatens his tribe till the end. He is definitely a great hero of his tribe. But as time passes, colonial culture permeates in the district, even the hero feels powerless to deal with it, and however, he will never admit that. Eventually his death proves that the power of a single person can do nothing with the progress of history. This essay mainly analyzes the image of the protagonist and makes a comparison with ancient Greek tragedy hero Prometheus, Achilles and I’Zulu, who is the protagonist of Arrow of God, to show it’s cultural meaning. And through his fight against the colonial culture, his protection of tribe culture, and his revolt to the destiny, we will find the author’s cultural connotation.
Keywords: Okonkwo, clan and tribe, colonial culture, ancient Greek tragedy hero