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双季槐的种植与管理调查


此文字数共约:14000字  文章页数共约:22页  发布时间:2021年及之前  原创指数:4

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双季槐的种植与管理调查


双季槐,是国槐的优良品系,是旱地重要的一种生态经济型树种。本文以双季槐为研究对象,调查并记录了双季槐的种植过程。结果显示,双季槐的种植有特殊要求,其中包括水肥要求、土壤要求、种植密度、嫁接方式、修剪要求等,在田间管理上的要求包括杂草防治、病虫害防治以及采收情况。最后对栽培与管理过程中遇到的问题进行深入思考。调查结果分析认为,双季槐适合雨季施肥,尽量深施。若种植的坡度大,则种植密度大;若种植的坡度小,则种植密度小。嫁接可采用木质芽接和插皮接的方式;病虫害及杂草的防治以预防为主,综合防治。

关键词:双季槐;种植;管理;采收
Investigation about planting and management of Sophora japonica
 
Abstract: Sophora japonica,was successfully cultivated in Yanhu District of Yuncheng city,is excellent strains of Pagoda tree and a kind of important Eco-Economic species in dryland.  Sophora japonica was taken as the object of study,in this paper,it investigates and records the process of the planting of Sophora japonica. Results show that the requirements of planting Sophora japonica are special,including the requirements of water and fertilizers,whether enough or not and soil,planting density,grafting patterns,pruning ect. The managing requirements of the field including weed and pest control and harvesting. Finally, there are some questions need to be deeper thought during the process of cultivation and management. Survey results are analyzed that Sophora japonica is suited for laying them into a deeper depth as much as possible during the rainy season. If the planting slope is large, the planting density is large and vice versa.Grafting can use the way of wood bud grafting and bark grafting,and put on the prevention of pest and weed control together.

Key words: Sophora japonica;planting; management; harvesting

 

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