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浅析马克·吐温的讽刺与幽默


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浅析马克·吐温的讽刺与幽默


马克‧吐温是19世纪中后期美国杰出的现实主义作家和幽默家,他一生创作了大量的小说。在其创作的过程中,马克‧吐温逐渐形成了其独特的幽默与讽刺并用的写作风格,他不仅使幽默背后隐藏讽刺,而且可以使幽默和讽刺融为一体,作为抨击当时社会不合理现象的一种手段。本文以马克‧吐温幽默与讽刺并存的写作手法为依据,在分析他大量作品的基础上,对其作品中揭示出的美国社会中的政治、宗教、人性和道德等问题进行了批判。

关键词:马克‧吐温;幽默;讽刺
Abstract

Mark Twain is an extraordinary American realistic writer and humor writer in the mid-late nineteenth century. He has created plenty of novels in his life time. In the process, he gradually formed his unique written style of combination of humor and satire. He not only expressed satire through humor, but also combined humor and satire together, as a mean of criticizing the unreasonable phenomena in the society. According to Mark Twain`s written style of combination of humor and satire, on the base of analyzing his large number of works, this thesis criticized the problems such as politics, religion, humanity and moral existed in American society.

Key Words: Mark Twain; humor; satire
引    言1
1. 马克‧吐温的写作风格——幽默与讽刺并用1
  1.1轻松幽默中隐含讽刺1
  1.2幽默和辛辣的讽刺融为一体2
2.马克‧吐温作品中讽刺与幽默的运用2
2.1 通过幽默讽刺每个人性的丑恶2
2.2 通过幽默讽刺美国宗教的伪善2
2.3 通过幽默讽刺美国政治的黑暗3
2.4 通过幽默讽刺美国道德的虚伪3
2.5 通过幽默讽刺美国贵族的丑恶4
2.6 通过幽默讽刺美国人的金钱观4
注释6
参考文献  7