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中国人口老龄化问题进程及对策研究


字数:15000字  原创指数:410  类别:案例模板

【内容概述】

虽然人口老龄化是世界人口发展所面临的共同问题,但针对中国人口老龄化具有其显著的特征:老年人口绝对数量大,老龄化和高龄化速度快,地区和城乡差别大,且“未富先老”,超前于经济发展水平。本文概括地阐述了我国人口老龄化趋势与基本特征,分析了人口老龄化对我国经济和社会的重大影响,提出了针对人口老龄化的挑战所应当采取的宏观对策。特别是要重视“银色人力资源”的开发,变人口老龄化的压力为促进经济社会发展的动力。

关键词:人口老龄化;特征;对策
China's population aging process and Countermeasures
Abstract
Although the aging of the population is facing the world's population, the development of a common problem, but for the aging of the population of China with its remarkable features: the absolute number of large elderly population, aging and aging fast, big difference between urban and rural areas, and "not old rich first, "ahead of the level of economic development. In this paper, an overview of the aging of our population trends and basic features, an analysis of the aging of the population of China's major economic and social effects of population aging for the challenges of the macro-countermeasures to be taken. With particular attention to "silver human resources" of development, changing the pressure of the aging of the population to promote the economic and social development.

Key words:The aging of the population; features; Countermeasures