案例,spss,数据分析

基于GIS的xx市城市土地利用结构预测


字数:11000字  原创指数:370  类别:案例模板

【内容概述】

土地是生态系统中的主要部分,土地利用和土地覆被变化可以引起全球环境变化,土地利用变化已经成为研究全球变化的重要领域之一。土地利用结构是指一定区域内,国民经济各部门所占用的特定的用地类型按一定的构成方式组成的集合。土地利用结构的研究有助于实现在国民经济各部门之间合理配置土地资源和土地利用效率最大化的目标,有益于我国社会经济的可持续发展。以滨州市滨城区1997年遥感影像数据及2007年土地利用现状图为数据源,对遥感影像进行图像解译,利用GIS技术进行滨城区土地利用动态变化分析,并且运用马尔柯夫模型,对滨州市滨城区土地利用结构进行分析预测,以此为区域土地利用结构提供合理依据,进而优化城市土地利用结构。关键词:GIS;城市土地利用;马尔柯夫模型;滨州市滨城区
Prediction Research of Urban Land-use Structure of Binzhou City Based on GIS
Abstract
Land is the main part of the ecological system, land use and land cover changes can cause changes in the global environment, the land use change has become the important one of studying global change. The land use structure is to point to some area, the national economic sectors of particular that takes up the land type according to certain structure mode of the set. The land use structure contributes to the realization of the research in the national economic sectors reasonable allocation between land resources and land use efficiency maximization goal of, be beneficial to our social and economic sustainable development.
In 1997 in Binzhou city urban waterfront remote sensing image data and 2007, the current land use in remote sensing image data source image interpretation, by using GIS technique of dynamic changes of land use shore city was analysed, and using Markov model for urban waterfront Binzhou city land use structure, which was analyzed and predicted for regional land use structure is optimized and provide a reasonable basis, urban land use structure.
Key words: GIS; Urban land use; Markov model;Binzhou Bincheng area