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《呼啸山庄》的悲剧分析


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【摘要】

《呼啸山庄》的悲剧分析


《呼啸山庄》的悲剧分析
 摘要:《呼啸山庄》是艾米莉的唯一一部作品,而爱情则是该书的焦点,书中描写了凯瑟琳和希斯克厉夫、凯瑟琳和林顿、希斯克厉夫和依莎贝拉、小凯瑟琳和小哈里顿之间的不同的感情,说明在艾米莉心中,爱情必由天性的相近产生,由对天性的忠诚而成功,爱情的幸福只来源于对天性的忠诚;然而他们的爱情却均以悲剧告终。这个爱情悲剧,向人们展示了一幅畸形社会的生活画面,勾勒了被这个畸形社会扭曲了的人性及其造成的种种可怖的事件。在小说中,作者的全部心血凝聚在希斯克厉夫形象的刻画上,受到爱情挫折的希斯克厉夫疯狂的报复,也违背了正常人的感情和伦理道德观念。真诚、善良的人性完全被当时的资本主义社会所摧残和扭曲,原本伟大的爱情最终被毁灭。
关键词: 爱情; 悲剧因素;人性的扭曲
Analyze the Tragedy of Wuthering Heights
Abstract:  Wuthering Heights is the only work of Emily, but the focus of it is love. In the book,she described different affections between Catherine and Heathcliff, Catherine and Linton, Heathcliff and Isabella, Junior Catherine and Junior Harry. It indicated that, in Emily’s mind, the emerge of love was bound to come from the similarity of nature, and the success of love came from the faith in nature, which led to the happiness of love. However all the characters’ affections in the book were ended as tragedies, which showed us a life tableau of a distorted society, and described the distorted human nature which led to various incidents caused by the distorted society. In the novel, the author paid all her attention to the description of Heathcliff’s image. Because of the frustration of love, he reverted madly, which violated ordinary people’s concept of affection and moral principles. The sincere and decent human nature was fully damaged and distorted by the capitalist society, and the originally magnificent affection came to the end ultimately.
Keywords:  love; the element of tragedy; the distorted human nature

 

 

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