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中西方文化中的禁忌对比


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【摘要】

中西方文化中的禁忌对比

随着全球化的发展,中西方跨文化交流日益密切。而两种文化中的语言禁忌现象,给中西方国家跨文化交际带来了一定障碍,这就要求人们能分辨出禁忌语文化间的异同,发现问题并提出解决的方案。
本文试图通过对中西方文化中禁忌的对比研究,总结出其异同点,分析其文化原因,并提出相应的应对策略,旨在减少中西方跨文化交际中误解及冲突,确保跨文化交际活动的顺利进行。本文首先概述了跨文化交际的定义,及禁忌语的定义、特征和功能;其次,以此为理论基础,对比分析中西方禁忌的相同点;笔者有针对性的提出了一些实际性的应对策略。

关键词:禁忌语;文化;异同;中西方
 

              Abstract
  With the development of globalization, cultural exchanges between China and the western countries are increasingly intensified. However, the taboos in the two cultures may bring communication barriers to intercultural communication. So people must know the similarities and differences between different cultures and find solutions to different taboos. This paper will firstly analyze the similarities and differences of the western and Chinese taboos from the perspective of the intercultural communication. This paper aims to summarize the similarities and differences between Western and Chinese taboos through the comparison, finding out the cultural factors leading to these differences. And this paper gives some countermeasures, aiming to decrease the misunderstanding in intercultural communication and make sure the smooth process of the intercultural communication. 
This paper firstly outlines the definition of intercultural communication, the definition, characteristics, and functions of the taboos; then, based on these theoretical foundations, it focuses on the comparative analysis of the similarities of the Sino-western taboos, the author gives some coping strategies to avoid cultural conflict.
  Keywords: taboos; culture;differences and similarities: Chinese and Western

 

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