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辛弃疾词中鸟意象折射的人文精神

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【摘要】

辛弃疾词中鸟意象折射的人文精神


古典诗词创作中往往运用多种意象,以此来寄寓作者的人生经历和安放灵魂。从《诗经》到《楚辞》,再到魏晋南北朝、唐、宋直至现代,飞鸟这个意象逐步从前代诗歌散乱、零碎的状态中脱颖而出并正式形成影响文人创作。鸟意象一直贯穿古今,一代代人继承和发扬,使其具有了丰富而独特的人文意味。辛弃疾作为南宋著名的词人,文武相长的军事家和政治家,词人在其一生当中运用不同的鸟意象表达自己的心路历程,表现收复失地,建功立业,实现祖国统一而受挫的壮志未酬的忧愤之情;仕途不顺,抱负难伸,只能沉醉山水花鸟之宁静抒发隐逸闲适的无奈之情;与世孤独、难觅知音,流年匆匆而过,留下词人太多孤寂落寞的泪,展现一种沉郁悲凉之情。这些都奠定了辛弃疾词风豪侠英勇、慷慨悲凉的情感基调。
关键词:鸟意象;人文精神;呈现原因

Abstract:Ancient Poems often use a variety of images, ignited the author's life experiences and put the soul. From the "Book of Songs" to "Songs of the South" to the Wei, Jin, Tang, Song until the modern image of the birds gradually previous generation poetry scattered, fragmented state to come to the fore and the official formation of literary creation. Bird imagery has been through the past and present generations to inherit and carry forward, it has a rich and unique cultural means. Ji as a famous poet of the Southern Song Dynasty, civil and military phase long military strategist and statesman, poet in his lifetime use of different bird imagery to express their journey, performance regain lost ground, make contributions to achieve the reunification of the motherland and frustrated Zhuangzhiweichouof the Anger feeling; Career flow, and aspiring difficult stretch, only to indulge the tranquility of the landscape flowers express seclusion and quiet feelings of helplessness; With the world alone, hard to find a soul mate, the fleeting passing by, leave word too lonely lonely tears, to show a gloomy and sad feelings. These are laid ji word wind gallant courage, generosity sad emotional tone.
Keywords: bird imagery; humanistic spirit; presents the reasons

 

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