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中学英语课堂上师生互动策略的研究


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【摘要】

中学英语课堂上师生互动策略的研究

改革开放以来,我国的英语教育规模不断扩大,教育教学取得了显著成就。然而,英语教学的现状尚不能适应我国经济建设和社会发展的需要。就目前我国中学英语教育体系来说,教师仍以传统的教育方式为主,忽视对学生实际语言运用能力的培养, 学生缺乏学习兴趣。当今基础教育课程与教学改革,大力倡导在教学过程中建立积极、适宜、和谐的师生互动,以促进师生共同成长,课堂师生互动的机制与实效日益成为教育教学研究所关注的核心。因此,关注和探讨当前中学课堂师生互动这一课题具有很重要的现实意义。
积极有效的课堂师生互动,将有利于中学师生高效地完成教学任务,生成新的知识与能力,最终实现师生的共同发展。本文在回顾师生互动研究的理论背景之后,将目光聚焦于现实中学课堂,旨在研究互动策略的训练能否提高初中英语课堂上的师生互动,并且探讨其对学生的理解力、自信心以及课堂学习氛围的影响效果以期为中学课堂教学改革提供理论和实践方面的参考。主要采用设置调查问卷、课堂观察法以及抽样采访等方法来收集数据,结果表明,课堂上师生互动的次数增多了,学生们在与老师互动时显得更加自信,更容易理解课堂上的讲授的知识,而且课堂氛围显得更轻松了。

关键词: 学习策略;  互动策略;  课堂氛围;  理解力;  自信心
Abstract

Since the reform and opening up, China’s English education has been expanding widely and has gained remarkable achievements. However, the current state of English teaching can not meet the demands for China’s economic construction and social development. In current junior middle school, English teachers still adopt the traditional way of education, ignore the actual language ability. The current education curriculum and teaching reform advocate a positive, appropriate and harmonious interaction between teachers and students in the teaching process to promote the growth of teachers and students. The mechanism and effectiveness of teacher-student interaction has become the core of the institute concerned. Thus, discussing and paying attention to the teacher-student interaction has becoming more and more significant.
The positive and effective classroom interaction will contribute to completing the teaching task efficiently, generating new knowledge and ability and ultimately realize the common development of teachers and students. After reviewing the theoretical background of teacher-student interaction, this text focuses on the current situation of secondary school education, investigates whether the interactional training can promote the teacher-student interaction in English classroom of Junior Middle School and explores the effects of its influence to students’ comprehension, confidence and classroom atmosphere. So, it can provide the theory and practical reference to the secondary school teaching. The methods of questionnaire, classroom observation, and sampling are used to collect data. And the results are: the interaction turns between teachers and students are increasing; students are becoming more confident when they interact with their teachers, easier to understand the knowledge taught by teachers in class, and the atmosphere is becoming more pleasant and relaxing.

Key Words:  Learning strategy;    interactional strategies;    Classroom Atmosphere;   comprehension;     confidence

 

 

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