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基于语料库的中国学习者英语书面语中重述标记语in other words的使用研究


类型:案例|13000字, 类别:原创|系数:4.24, 附件:开题报告|文献综述

【摘要】

基于语料库的中国学习者英语书面语中重述标记语in other words的使用研究


So far, discourse markers, one of the cohesive devices, have been much explored by many foreign and domestic scholars. However, there have been few studies on reformulation markers, the subordinate class of discourse markers, up till now. The present study investigates the use of reformulation marker "in other words" in written English by Chinese EFL learners based on two corpora, WECCL (Written English Corpus of Chinese Learners) and MICUSP (Michigan Corpus of Upper-level Student Papers). It makes a comparative study of the characteristics of the use of reformulation marker"in other words" based on Contrastive Interlanguage Analysis. It aims to find out the similarities and differences in the use of "in other words" between Chinese EFL learners and English native speakers. It also aims to find out the reasons of the differences and possible implications that could be offered for Chinese EFL learners in using "in other words". Adopting both quantitative and qualitative approaches, this thesis focuses on investigating the syntactic properties, and semantic properties of "in other words" in the above-mentioned two corpora.   
The results show that both Chinese EFL learners and English native speakers use "in other words" at the initial of S2 frequently in English writing and use it with "or". Furthermore, they use it to signal the relations, clarification, specification, summarization, specialization, between S1 and S2. However, Chinese EFL learners do not use "in other words" as frequently as English native speakers do in English writing and Chinese EFL learners misuse it with "but". Additionally, they do not use it as flexibly as English native speakers do in writing and they do not use it to signal as various relations between S1 and S2 as English native speakers do. Due to the language transfer and poor language competence, Chinese EFL learners also make some mistakes in using "in other words". Finally, some suggestions are offered for English teaching and learning: firstly, the emphasis of text books compilation should be laid on culture differences; secondly, that English is a language of hypotaxis while Chinese is parataxis and the different ways of text organization of Chinese and English had better be emphasized in English learning and teaching; thirdly, emphasis should be laid on learning reformulation and reformulation markers.  

Key words: "in other words" ; reformulation marker; corpus
中文摘要

到目前为止,话语标记语已经被众多国外和国内专家和学者广泛研究。然而,作为话语标记语的下属分类的重述标记语的研究却很少。本研究以中国学生笔语语料库(WECCL)和密歇根高级学生论文(MICUSP)这两个语料库为基础,调查中国大学生英语写作中重述标记语in other words使用情况。本文基于中介语对比分析方法,对重述标记语in other word的使用特点作对比研究,旨在发现中国英语学习者和英语本族语者使用重述标记语in other words的异同点,并试图发现其原因,从而指出中国英语学习者有待改善和提高的部分。本文采用了定性和定量相结合的分析方法,重在研究in other words 在上述两个语料库的句法和语义功能。
研究结果表明,在英语写作中,中国英语学习者和英语本族语者都经常在句首使用in other words,也都会把其与or连用。并且,他们也都会使用其来标记明晰、具体、总括、专门的话语关系。然而,中国英语学习者在英语写作中较少使用in other words,也会把其误与but连用。并且,中国英语学习者没有英语本族语者使用in other words灵活,用其标记的话语关系也缺少多样化。由于语言迁移和语言能力,中国英语学习者甚至误用in other words。最后,本研究提出了一些建议,以期对未来英语教学有帮助:(1)教材编撰应强调文化差异;(2)在英语教学中,应强调英语是形合语言,汉语是意合语言以及英汉文本组织方式的不同;(3)强调重述、重述标记语的意义和用法学习。 
 
关键词:“换言之”;重述标记语;语料

 

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