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日照市岚山区农村居民生育二胎现状及对策分析


类型:案例|8500字, 类别:原创|RMB435, 附件:开题报告|文献综述

【摘要】

日照市岚山区农村居民生育二胎现状及对策分析上个世纪80年代,我国为缓解在社会生产能力低下、经济整体落后的背景下,人口基数过大、人口增长过快的问题,实行了计划生育的政策,人口增长趋势得到了极大的缓解。但随着时间的推移,曾经占人口多数的中青年人逐渐步入老年,人口老龄化程度加剧,出生人口数量低,导致人口红利逐渐消失,并引发劳动力短缺、养老加剧等一系列问题。为解决这些问题,国家出台了“全面二胎”政策,为分析这一政策的实施情况,笔者在山东省日照市岚山区展开了调查,研究农村居民育龄夫妇生育二胎的情况和意愿,浅析影响生育意愿的原因,并提出对策。
关键词:全面二胎;生育状况;意愿原因;对策
Analysis on the Status Quo and
Countermeasures of the Two-children of Rural Residents in        Lanshan District of Rizhao City
 
Abstract:80s of last century, China to alleviate the low social production capacity, the overall economic backwardness background, the population base is too large, the problem of population growth too fast, the implementation of the policy of family planning, population growth trend has been greatly alleviated The However, over time, young people who have occupied the majority of the population gradually entered the old age, the population aging intensified, the birth population is low, leading to the gradual disappearance of the population dividend, and lead to labor shortage, aggravating and a series of problems. In order to solve these problems, the state promulgated the policy of "comprehensive two-births". In order to analyze the implementation of this policy, the author conducted an investigation in the Lanshan District of Rizhao City, Shandong Province to study the situation and willingness of the two children of childbearing age analyze the causes of fertility willingness and put forward countermeasures.
Key words: Two-children; Reproductive condition; Intend to reason; Countermeasures

 

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