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浅论我国的陪审制度的不足及完善


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【摘要】

浅论我国的陪审制度的不足及完善


陪审制度从创立至今一直以来都为审判带来了极大的价值效益。陪审制度是公民自己参与案件审理,掌握司法职能的最佳方式。根据法系的不同,陪审团制度可以分为英美法系的陪审制度和大陆法系国家的陪审制度。新中国成立后,也将陪审制列为一项审判制度,在相关法律中作了相应的规定。目前,我国的陪审制度也在不断开展试点改革,以期完成人民所期望的真正的陪审制度,发挥其应当具备的司法效果。本文则总体上来说是将中国的陪审制度与英美法系国家和大陆法系的陪审制度相比较得出关于中国陪审制度的优缺点并对其不足之处提出个人的拙见。
本文共分为四章,第一章先对我国的人民陪审制度进行简单的描述,分别从两个角度论述一是我国陪审制度的概念和特点,另一个便是进一步论述我国陪审制度的起源以及新中国陪审制度的发展。第二章则分别论述英美法系国家以及大陆法系国家的陪审制度的特点。从而得出第三章我国陪审制度的现状,包括是适用范围,选用陪审员的条件以及任程序再加之其职权。并在此基础之上论述我国的陪审制度陷入的困境,例如陪审制度流于形式以及陪审员自身建设问题。第四章便是对第三章论述的困境提出自己的见解,分别从陪审制度的存在,完善陪审制度的专门立法以及根本法的定位,陪审员自身建设三个方面论述提出自己的拙见。
人民陪审制度对于我国是一项司法审判制度,更有着至关重要的政治职能。我国更是越来越重视其存在的价值,完善其存在的问题。无论是从立法,司法,行政的方面对其加以保护与维持,以保证其能够发挥保障司法公正,防止司法腐败的作用。
 
关键词: 陪审制度;人民陪审员;司法公正
 
Abstract
  As a trial system, the jury system has a wide range of applications on a global scale. Jury system has always been an extremely important part of the judicial system and is an important tool used by a country to protect democracy, safeguard judicial justice and prevent judicial corruption.The jury system includes the jury system in common law countries and the review system in civil law countries. At present, our country's jury system is continuously carrying out pilot reforms in order to complete the people's desired true jury system and to exert the judicial effect it should have.In this paper, we use the concept of comparative law to carry out the discussion. We compare the jury system in China with the jury system in the Anglo-American legal system countries and the jury system in the civil law system and draw conclusions about the advantages and disadvantages of the Chinese jury system and its shortcomings. The Department put forward personal opinions and provided a better direction for the development of China’s judicial system.
This article is divided into five chapters. The first chapter first gives an overview of the people's jury system in our country and discusses them from two perspectives. The first is the concept and characteristics of the jury system in our country. The other is the further discussion of the jury system in China from the historical direction. Origin and development of the jury system in New China. The second chapter starts from the comparative law and discusses the characteristics of the jury system in the Anglo-American legal system countries and civil law countries.The third chapter is the status quo of China's jury system, which is the application scope of the jury system, the eligibility criteria of the jurors, the selection process and the authority. On this basis, we discuss the predicament of the jury system in our country, such as the jury system in the form and the jurors themselves. The fourth chapter is to put forward their own opinions on the dilemma discussed in the third chapter, respectively. The last chapter is the general discussion and summary of this article.
The people's jury system is not only a judicial system but also has a crucial political function. Our country is paying more and more attention to its existing value and perfecting its existing problems. Whether it is from the legislative, judicial or administrative aspects, it should be protected and maintained so as to ensure that it can play a role in safeguarding judicial justice and preventing judicial corruption.

 
Key words:Jury system;People's jurors;Fair Judgement

 

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