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《最蓝的眼睛》中黑人女性的悲剧


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《最蓝的眼睛》中黑人女性的悲剧The Tragedy of Black Women in The Bluest Eyes人种和种族在全球范围内(尤其是美国)一直是引人注意的问题。种族歧视也一直存在,在二十世纪的美国这个问题可谓是十分严重。本篇文章想要通过一部长篇小说《最蓝的眼睛》来分析在二十世纪的美国黑人女性的生存空间和生活轨迹。
《最蓝的眼睛》作者本身就是一名美国黑人女性——托尼·莫里森。她是一名非裔美国人,同时也是历史上第一位获得诺贝尔奖的非裔美国女人。她用她自身的经历、幻想、绝望和感受写下了这部长篇小说,诠释了当时的美国对于女性和黑人的压迫。该篇小说出版于1970年,讲述了一位黑人小姑娘于1941年在美国发生的悲剧。小姑娘由于自身肤色和家庭环境的原因经历了歧视、虐待、强暴、暴力和虚幻破灭等一系列令人难以忍受的事情,最后导致了她彻底走向了疯狂。
本篇文章将会通过四个方面进行全方位的诠释二十世纪的美国黑人女性的悲剧。第一部分是现象,在《最蓝的眼睛》中可以读到许多种族歧视以及男女不平等的问题,比如说皮科拉羡慕总有蓝色眼睛的人;皮科拉的爸爸在醉酒之后强暴了她,但是她的母亲却毫无办法甚至将这一切怪在了皮科拉的头上。这就是美国黑人女性的悲剧现象。第二部分是原因——造成这种现象的原因。其实对于任何一个社会问题来说,都是存在社会原因的,而社会原因不在乎在于经济、政治、文化。对于《最蓝的眼睛》一文中产生的社会问题也可以细分为历史因素、社会体质和阶级差异等原因。第三部分是结果。种种条件和前提下,这就造成了在二十世纪美国黑人女性的悲剧。第四部分是思考和启发。众所周知,平等与尊重是社会和谐的重要因素,通过这些社会问题,我们应当尽力规避好让我们的社会变得更加和谐美好。
关键词:托尼·莫里森;《最蓝的眼睛》;种族歧视;平等;美国;黑人女性
Abstract
Ethnicity and race have always been issues of interest worldwide, especially in the United States. Racial discrimination has also persisted, and the problem in the United States in the twentieth century is serious. This article intends to analyze the living space and life track of black American women in the 20th century through a novel The Bluest Eyes.
The author of The Bluest Eye is a black American woman Toni Morrison.  She is an African-American and the first African-American woman in history to win a Nobel Prize.  She wrote this novel with her own experiences, fantasies, despair and feelings, explaining the oppression of women and blacks in the United States at that time.  The novel, published in 1970, tells the story of a black girl's tragedy in the United States in 1941.  Because of her skin color and family environment, the little girl experienced a series of intolerable things such as discrimination, abuse, rape, violence and disillusion, which finally led her to go completely crazy.
This article will interpret the tragedy of black American women in the 20th century from four aspects. The first part is the phenomenon. In The Bluest Eyes, we can read many racial discrimination and gender inequality issues, such as Pecola's envy of people who always have blue eyes; Pecola's father raped her after being drunk, but her mother could not even blame Pecola for all this. This is the tragic phenomenon of black American women. The second part is the cause - the cause of this phenomenon. In fact, for any social problem, there are social reasons, and social reasons do not care about economic, political, cultural. For The Bluest Eyes, the social problems can be subdivided into historical factors, social constitution and class differences. The third part is the result. Under various conditions and premises, this caused the tragedy of black American women in the twentieth century. The fourth part is thinking and enlightening. As we all know, equality and respect are important factors in social harmony. Through these social problems, we should try our best to avoid making our society more harmonious and beautiful.
 
Key words: racial discrimination; equal; black women

 

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